Latest News

Why children die eating litchi?

Last updated on March 3rd, 2020

To date, seventy children have died in Muzaffarpur of Bihar; The children showed symptoms of acute encephalitis syndrome. In this article, we shall be discussing why children die eating litchi.

Muzaffarpur kills: are litchi the cause?

In the state Bihar, the government issued a warning asking parents not to give litchees to their children on an empty stomach. The Lancet medical journal said the cause of AES is the lack of food in combination with the toxins present in lychee seeds.

The number of mysterious deaths of children in the district of Muzaffarpur in Bihar has increased to 70. Although the exact cause has not yet been confirmed, health workers suspect that the deaths are related to the toxins present in Leechi (also written as litchi).

Muzaffarpur is the lychee bowl from India. According to the EU Agriculture Ministry, in 2017, the production was 300,000 tons of 32,000 hectares of Bihar . The children showed symptoms of acute encephalitis syndrome (AES), a neurological disorder that involves brain inflammation. AES is “chamki bukhar” (chamki = convulsion).

Symptoms of acute encephalitis syndrome (AES)

Symptoms include high fever, vomiting, unconsciousness, and convulsions.

The death report was in the Sri Krishna Medical College and Hospital and in the Kejriwal Hospital. On Wednesday, the Nitish Kumar government in Bihar issued a warning asking parents not to give litchi to their children on an empty stomach. Furthermore, the health department advised parents to warn children not to eat a lot of mature or immature lychees.

History of this disease

Every year in this period children get sick. Sri Krishna Medical College and Hospital and other hospitals in Muzaffarpur have registered almost 180 cases since January. This is also the season in which lychees ripen, tear and they send it to mandis.

According to media reports in 2014, the number of cases reported by AES was 1,028 and in 2015 it was 390. In the following two years, the figures decreased: only one in 2016 and nine in 2017.

The cause of death in children is hypoglycemia: low blood glucose levels. These children come from the poorest sectors of society. Malnutrition is rampant. Children spend the day in lychee orchards eating lychees, sometimes even mature or mature seeds. Children come home at night and sometimes skip dinner. This leads to nocturnal hypoglycemia.

According to the researchers, the cause of the disease was the lack of food (missing food) combined with hypoglycin A and methylene nicotropylglycine toxins (MCPG) in the litchi seeds. The delay in taking the children to the hospital and, therefore, the administration and correction of glucose levels was the cause of death. Extra glucose is stored in the liver and is released when sugar levels are submerged in the blood. However, in the case of Muzaffarpur children due to malnutrition along with the omitted dinner, there is no more glucose in the liver. So instead of the sugar toxins, they secrete, which makes the disease fatal.

Contrary voices

However, not all medical professionals are convinced that litchi is the cause of death. According to Dr. Gopal Shankar Sahni, who heads the pediatric ward at the Faculty of Medicine and Sri Krishna Hospital Muzaffarpur, if lychee were behind the deaths, it would have affected children in all regions where litchi is grown and would not limit Muzaffarpur and the surrounding areas. The high humidity combined with high temperatures is the reason for the chakki bukhar, says Dr Sahni. “I can tell with my experience of almost two decades that when the temperature exceeds 38 degrees with 65-85 per cent humidity. It is the best time for the spread of the deadly disease,” said Dr. Sahni in

The Times of India said, However, Muzaffarpur may not be the only region that suffers from this mysterious disease. Lychee cultivation areas in neighbouring Bangladesh and Vietnam have also reported outbreaks of acute encephalitis syndrome in the past.

woms

World of Medical Saviours (WOMS) is a website formed by a group of medicos who are embarking to provide facts, tips and knowledge related to health and lifestyle. This website proves to be a great platform for the medical enthusiast and also for those medicos searching to outgrowth their knowledge about the medical field.

Related Articles

10 Comments

  1. I feel this is one of the so much vital information for me.
    And i am glad studying your article. However, should remark
    on some normal issues, The site taste is perfect, the articles is really great 😀
    Excellent job, cheers

  2. hello there and thank you for your info – I
    have certainly picked up anything new from right here.
    I did however expertise several technical points using this web site, as I experienced to reload the website many
    times previous to I could get it to load properly.
    I had been wondering if your hosting is OK? Not that I am
    complaining, but slow loading instances times will very frequently affect
    your placement in google and can damage your high quality score if ads and marketing with
    Adwords. Well I am adding this RSS to my email and could look out for much
    more of your respective fascinating content. Make sure you update this
    again very soon.

  3. Oh my goodness! Impressive article dude! Thank you, However I am having issues with your RSS.

    I don’t understand the reason why I can’t join it. Is there anyone else having similar RSS problems?
    Anyone that knows the solution can you kindly respond? Thanx!!

  4. Write more, thats all I have to say. Literally, it seems as
    though you relied on the video to make your point. You definitely
    know what youre talking about, why waste your intelligence on just posting
    videos to your weblog when you could be giving us something enlightening to read?

Leave a Reply

Back to top button
Close