Pet Health

Understanding Dog Ear Infection Medicine: From Symptoms to Solutions

Dog ear infection medicine is something to ears that exist in many different sizes and forms, however, they have a different morphology than human ears. Dogs have a lengthy, horizontally, and vertically divided ear canal. As a result, a J or L shape is formed that could more conveniently collect dirt and cause dog ear infections. The dog needs attention so it is always good to have information regarding dog ear infection medicine.

Dogs frequently develop ear infections, particularly those with floppy ears like Basset Hounds and Cocker Spaniels. Either or even both ears might be affected by the ear condition, which is thought to harm 20% of dogs. Conversely, there are actions individuals may perform to lessen these crises’ duration and intensity for one’s dog. Also, there are various OTC medications available. So, you can learn about dog ear infection medicine and treat your pet effectively.

Signs of Dog ear infection

Dogs cannot communicate their discomfort once they have an ear infection, which might be quite uncomfortable. Pet owners are responsible for being informed of the symptoms of an ear infection. These consist of:

  • Head trembling, tilting, pawing, or ear-scratching
  • Ear canal redness and edema
  • Yelling or pulling away upon having their ears touched.
  • Ear secretion which then can be yellow, green, brown, or black
  • Stink (yeast infection in dog’s ears will give off a sweet or musty smell)
  • Absence of response when contacted (this could indicate hearing loss)

It is also good for the pet owner to know about the pet’s discomfort and about dog ear infection medicine.

What Leads To Dog Ear Infections?

Here are a few of the most typical canine ear problems. Let’s know before learning about dog ear infection medicine.

1. Ear Mites

Light microscope insects called ear mites can invade the ears of one’s dog. Infections are passed from animal to animal, or the dog can catch them by simply lying down outside. Although they are not venomous, their existence aggravates the skin of one’s dog’s ears, causing excruciating itching. Dog ear mites can result in ear infections because they irritate the skin.

2. Overgrowth of Yeast

Naturally, occurring yeast can become out of proportion and result in a yeast infection in relatively healthy ears. Yeast overgrowth is frequently the cause of yeasty-smelling, dark brown secretion in one dog’s ears. Although they might very well itch, yeasty ears are rarely uncomfortable and this requires dog ear infection medicine.

3. Infection with bacteria

Additionally, one’s dog is susceptible to bacterial ear infections. A foul-smelling secretion that is yellow or greenish may be visible and this also requires the immediate ear infection med

Three different dog ear infections

The eardrum and middle and inner ears are located deeper within the scalp just after the ear canal. An ear irritation is called otitis. Depending on where the infection is located in the dog’s ear, otitis is categorized into three categories:

  • Otitis externa: ear canal irritation
  • Otitis media: middle ear irritation
  • Otitis interna: an inner ear infection

Since this area of the ear is highly susceptible to environmental stimuli, otitis externa becomes the most prevalent of all three illnesses. Ear infections might be prolonged and recurrent or rapid (with a sudden start). A dog’s ears may become infected in one or both cases so it is a must to know about Dog ear infection medicine.

You can also read more about dogs in this article: Dog Hiccups: Is it a serious issue?

Dog Ear Infection Medicine

Otitis externa can occur in up to 16.5% of dogs, and problems can include subsequent progression into progressively severe dog ear infections. Luckily, there are simple actions one can take to reduce the intensity of these kinds of diseases in one’s dog and relieve suffering. As soon as dogs start exhibiting signs, individuals should visit the veterinarian because ear infections don’t go off by themselves. So, it is necessary to know about Dog Ear infection medicine.

A sample of the secretion from the ears would be taken by the veterinarian, who will examine it using a microscope to determine whether it is caused by bacteria, yeast, or mites before prescribing the right treatment. Antibiotics, antifungals, and anti-mite drugs are among the available treatments, which are typically given topically. On the contrary, if the infection has spread to the inner ear, your veterinarian may recommend oral medications. So, it is good to know about Dog ear infection medicine.

1. Ear drops

Dog ear infection medicine should be known by the pet owner. Dogs with recurrent ear infections are frequently treated with drops in the ears. Such drugs are inserted just inside the ear. Some of these are given by the veterinarian once, while others are long-acting drugs that are given several moments a day. Several contain an antibiotic, a corticosteroid, and an antifungal. Such dog ear infection medicine includes examples:

Claro, Otomax, Posatex, Mometamax, and Osurnia.

Besides these, there are other dog ear infection medicine that you can take according to the doctor’s prescription.

2. Oral antibiotics for dogs with ear infections

Quinolones, azithromycin, and clindamycin are oral prescription antibiotics used when the bacteria in one’s pet’s ears are inside the cells instead of outside the cells.

3. Medicines that reduce inflammation

Advil (ibuprofen) and Aleve (naproxen), as well as items comprising acetaminophen (such as Tylenol), ought not to be administered to dogs,  since they may seriously harm your health. Due to the possibility of developing stomach ulcers whenever these two types of drugs are taken together, NSAIDS are normally not used in conjunction with corticosteroids. It’s vital to only use canine NSAIDs on the veterinarian’s advice since corticosteroids are frequently included in combined dog ear infection medicine. NSAIDs that can be obtained with a veterinarian’s recommendation and are appropriate for dogs include:

4. Topical medicines for ear infections in dogs

Pets with bacterial ear infections (otitis) respond well to the following prescription medicines, but they must have an intact eardrum to be safe: gentamicin (Otomax and Mometamax), tobramycin, amikacin, neomycin (Posatex Otic Suspension), and polymyxin B. Antibiotics, particularly topical neomycin, can cause allergic reactions in certain pets; If the condition of your pet’s ear worsens while being treated with antibiotics, stop the medication and contact the veterinarian for other options regarding dog ear infection medicine.

Natural treatments for ear infections in animals

Since some dog ear infection medicine might raise the chance of hearing loss in pets, natural cures for ear infections are a better choice than conventional ear medications. The veterinarian suggests Zymox, which has a natural enzyme to aid in the treatment of ear infections. It’s crucial to frequently clean your pet’s ears using an ear cleanser to help avoid ear infections. Zymox with Hydrocortisone should be used to treat itchy ear infections in pets for 7 to 14 days. And after that, settle for two to three days before actually cleaning one’s pet’s ears or administering any additional ear treatments. Consult your doctor if the issue worsens and ask for the dog ear infection medicine.


Surgery might be necessary for extreme circumstances if ear infections are chronic and don’t respond to medicinal treatment. A total ear canal ablation (TECA), for instance, is a surgery that allows veterinarians to remove both the vertical and horizontal ear canals to the middle ear.

A different approach for treating dog ear infections

Ear cleaning for your dog

Cleaning your dog’s ears occasionally can aid in the healing of his infection.

“If there is a lot of emissions, ear cleaning may be advised as an aspect of ear infection treatment,” Dog ear cleaning, nevertheless, is not a medication, therefore it won’t cure the dog’s illness by itself. So whether or not ear cleaning is a portion of his therapy, help ensure you’re constantly taking the medication.

Ways of avoiding dog ear infections

Although dog ear infections are sometimes not prevented, caregivers should implement precautions to lessen the chance, particularly in more susceptible species. Although frequent washing can be hazardous, maintaining one’s dog’s ears dry and clear assists avoid ear infections.

The greatest approach owners can do is periodically check their dogs’ ears for infections. Smell the dog’s ears to detect scents, as well as keep an eye out for differences in skin tone, texture, and temperature. Although it might sound strange, caregivers ought to be aware of the scent of a cleansed, healthy dog ear so they can detect any abnormalities.


Dog ear infections are frequent, but keep your dog’s ears clean and get treatments as soon as you see any swelling. It is good to know about dog ear infection medicine. The sooner the problem is fixed, the earlier your dog can get back to being the energetic, joyful dog that they usually are.

If a dog has a condition that weakens its immune system, such as an autoimmune disease, an endocrine disorder, or cancer, ear infections might be more frequent for several dogs. If one’s pet is more susceptible to ear infections due to a condition that weakens one‘s immune system, talk to the veterinarian regarding how you can effectively avoid them.


How to Stop Dog and Puppy Ear Infections?

Pet care includes routine grooming, ear cleaning, and ear hygiene. If one’s dog frequently swims, regular ear cleaning is extremely vital. A specialized dog ear cleaning product works best for cleaning. These often comprise drying agents and have been specially prepared for pH ranges that are appropriate for dogs.

Are some dogs more prone to developing an infection within the ear?

Dogs with long, heavy ears appear to be more likely to experience recurrent ear infections, which can eventually result in otitis interna. The most frequently afflicted breeds include hound breeds like the Bloodhound and Basset Hound as well as spaniel species like the Cocker Spaniel. Any dog regardless of breed, who has an uncontrollable chronic ear infection is susceptible to developing otitis interna if the eardrum (tympanic membrane) is compromised. This is because a compromised eardrum enables bacterial migration into the inner ear.

Can a Dog Ear Infection Clear Up by Itself?

Dog ear infections frequently do not go completely on their own. The veterinarian must assess the infection and the eardrum in all cases of otitis. Certain cleansers and drugs might be hazardous to the middle ear if the eardrum has perforated.

Dr. Rahul Kushwaha

Rahul Kumar Kushwaha, MBBS, is an intern doctor at a prestigious college in Bangladesh, North East Medical College, situated in South SurmaPamila, on the outskirts of Sylhet, Bangladesh. He is one of the team members and Founder of WOMS and has been working since the beginning of WOMS. Similarly, he is also the founder of the pregnancy journey app and the auscultation world app.

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