Another outbreak of new COVID variant is likely this summer
Pandemic is a word for diseases that remain dominant globally for years and pandemic not over yet is true. COVID-19 pandemic is one of the notorious pandemics well-known among the public.
The main cause of this coronavirus pandemic is severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2. This virus spread globally in the form of pandemics causing various health issues.
The most common symptoms are fever, dry cough, fatigue, and respiratory symptoms. It transmits to other people by inhaling contaminated air with viruses. In addition, mutations occur over time to produce variants with an increased degree of infection level and virulence. Mutated viruses have a greater ability to infect people and cause disease.
What are the different variants of Covid-19 discovered over time?
Viruses have a defense mechanism in the form of mutations. Viruses undergo mutations to produce new variants to infect the previously vaccinated people.
New variants of Covid-19 are resistant to the previous vaccines. In this way, viruses keep on producing mutated viruses to resist the vaccines. These mutated viruses appear as an outbreak globally due to which it is not wrong to say the pandemic is not over yet.
There are different variants of Covid-19. Let us have a look at these variants.
- Alpha variant
- Beta variant
- Delta variant
- Gamma variant
- Lambda variant
- Mu variant
- Omicron variant
How Covid-19 variants appear as a pandemic?
Covid-19 is a rapidly transmitted virus among the public. It can be easily transferred from one person to another through contact. It can be transmitted through breathing, talking, coughing, sneezing, and touching the infected person.
Moreover, the infection can occur over long distances. There is a more positive infection rate indoors and in public gatherings.
Increased infection rate and virulence make this virus deadly. It may spread easily from one person to another. In this way, this virus appeared as an epidemic globally.
Covid new variant outbreak
It is a very rude statement that new Covid variants continue dominating one after the other. Newer variants continue to spread globally if precautions are not taken properly.
The next variant pandemic is not a question of ‘if’. It is just about when it will happen. Newer variants continue to reproduce with increased mortality and morbidity rate.
Recent researchers dictate that there may be an outbreak or any previous variant either Delta or Omicron variant. In addition, they also stated that newer variants of Covid-19 can also emerge in a pandemic form.
Moreover, recent developed studies also suggest the presence of active coronavirus even the diagnostic tests decline the positivity rate.
What are the modes of transmission for Covid-19 variants?
The mode of transmission for Covid-19 is through direct, Indirect, or close contact with the infected person.
Coronavirus can easily spread through infected secretions like saliva and respiratory secretions like mucus. These are some of the common ways through which coronavirus transmits to other people.
- Close contact with the infected person
- Through respiratory droplets which can stay for long in the air
- Airborne transmission
- Fomite (towels) transmission
- Feco-oral transmission
- Bloodborne transmission
- Mother to child transmission
How to break the chain to prevent Covid-19 variants in pandemic form?
A pandemic can only be managed by proper prevention and treatment. There is a special need to focus on precautionary measures to limit the spread of the virus.
It is the need time to properly follow the preventive measure to break the chain of pandemics. There are some the precautionary measures to follow:
- Getting vaccinated
- Wearing a face mask in gatherings
- Staying at home
- Avoiding crowded places
- Maintaining social distancing of six feet
- Proper ventilation of indoor areas
- Washing hands properly
- Practicing good respiratory hygiene
- Avoid touching the nose, eyes, and mouth with dirty hands
What is the available treatment for the Covid-19 pandemic?
There is no such available treatment for the Covid-19 pandemic except prevention and vaccination. Vaccination also comes under the category of prevention. If you are properly vaccinated, there is very little chance to get infected by the virus.
Antivirals like ritonavir can also be used to treat adult patients. Supportive care including fluid therapy and oxygen support is also provided to relieve symptoms. Plasma extracted from the recovered patients also shows efficacy against the treatment of Covid-19 variants.
Covid-19 variants continue to emerge over the period of time. It may be wrong to say that the Covid-19 pandemic is over. Viruses undergo mutation to produce infectious and resistant strains.
The newer strains are resistant to previous vaccines and cause more severe infections. Once PCR or other testing methods decline the positivity rate, there may be chances of the emergence of newer variants.
According to recent researchers, there may be an outbreak of a newer Covid-19 variant or Delta variant likely this summer. Newer developing studies also suggest the same data about the presence of the active coronavirus.
There is a special need to break the chain to prevent the spread of pandemics. There must be a need for proper vaccination and booster shots to lower the transmission rate. In addition, preventive measures should be practiced to prevent the spread of the virus.
Frequently asked questions (FAQs):
Who is eligible for the booster dose?
Individuals of age 12 or above who have completed their primary vaccination doses are eligible to receive the single booster dose.
Can vaccinated people also get infected again?
Yes, vaccinated people can also get infected again. Viruses undergo mutation and produce newer variants. Newer variants are resistant to previous medication and vaccination. There is a decreased chance, but they also can get infected.
Should I be concerned about the newer variants of Covid-19?
Newer variants are a reminder that the coronavirus pandemic is far from getting over. Covid-19 variants are easy to spread with an increased infection rate. As long as the virus spreads globally, there is an increased chance of mutation. It is, therefore, necessary to follow the precautions and get vaccinated when possible.
Do Covid-19 vaccines effective against the newer variants of Covid-19?
Covid-19 vaccines offer lower protection from infections against newer variants like Delta and Omicron variants. It is important to follow the precautions and decrease the spread of the virus. In this way, it lowers the chances for the viruses to muta