History of falling (immediate or previous)
Secondary diagnosis (2 or more medical diagnoses in chart)
Intravenous therapy/ heparin lock
The Morse fall scale calculator is intended to test all admitted sick people for fall danger and, if necessary, to initiate fall preventive treatments. This article contains basic details about the morse fall, as well as some fundamental scientific ideas.
Morse Fall Scale Calculator: Falling Hazards
The Morse fall scale can be used to examine older people in intensive clinics and long-term healthcare institutions. This hazard analysis aids in the prevention of falls and their effects, which are more severe in sick individuals.
- The victim’s record of falling is assessed to see if they have fallen during their current stay or have a historical record of falls, irrespective of the incidence (for instance, epileptic type or stride type)
- The chance of failing rises if the affected person has a secondary symptom, which is defined as two or more symptoms in the patient’s file.
- The term “ambulatory aid” attests to an affected person who uses a walker (rod, crutches, or wheelchair).
- The patient’s intravenous treatment lock is checked to see if they are taking IV medicine.
- The Movement item assesses the patient’s ability to walk. A weak gait refers to a sufferer who is bent yet able to elevate his head, looking for comfort from surroundings while moving with short steps. When an affected person moves with short steps and his or her head lowered, this is known as impaired gait. The person struggles to get out of the seat, may need assistance strolling, and has a loss of balance.
- The accuracy of the patient’s responses is used to determine the psychological state.
During medical evaluations and assessments of present treatment, the Morse fall scale is frequently used in combination with other tests. Local factors, as well as additional patient indicators that may become apparent throughout the evaluation, must be considered by the assessor.
Morse Fall Scale Calculator: Details of Morse
In 1989, Morse et al. published research on the mortality and morbidity of older sick people, with a focus on hospitalized falls.
Eighty-five percent of the sick people were accurately identified using discriminant analysis on the 6 factors listed above. Equivalent findings were found after testing. The measure has a precision of 78%, a clarity of 83%, and a positive and negative inferential score of 3% and 3%, respectively.
The measure was also known to be susceptible to aspects including the recipient’s status and stay duration. The Morse fall scale can be used to identify patients who should be targeted for preventative measures.
Morse Fall Scale Calculator: Scores on the Morse scale
The chart beneath lists the scale’s categories and the points given based on the correct response:
|Scale items||Answer choices (points)|
|History of falling (immediate or previous)||Yes (25) No (0)|
|Secondary diagnosis (2 or more medical diagnoses in chart)||Yes (15) No (0)|
|Ambulatory aid||None or bed rest or nurse assist (0) Crutches or came or walker (15) Furniture (30)|
|Intravenous therapy or heparin lock||Yes (20) No (0)|
|Gait||Normal or bed rest or wheelchair (0) Weak (10) Impaired (20)|
|Mental status||Oriented to own ability (0Overestimateded or forgets limitations (15)|
Each category has its own set of suggestions, ranging from early engagement to avert any trauma to the introduction of established processes and ongoing observation.
The scale’s components are graded as follows:
History of falling
This is given a record of twenty-five if the affected individual has fallen while in the present admission to hospital or if there was an early record of physical falls, such as from epilepsy or an impaired gait before hospital treatment. If the afflicted person hasn’t fallen, this is set to zero. When a person is afflicted for the first time, their score increases by twenty-five points.
If the victim’s record contains more than one clinical treatment, score 15; otherwise, score 0.
This is a Zero on the rating if the sufferer wanders without the help of a wooden rod (even if escorted by a carer), needs a wheelchair, or is on bed rest and does not get out of bed at all. If the patient uses crutches, a walking stick, or a wheelchair, this item is worth fifteen points; if the victim ambulates while embracing the furniture for support, this item is worth thirty points.
If the affected person has an intravenous device or a heparin lock in place, this is given a score of 20; otherwise, this is given a score of 0.
The individual who is involved walks with his or her head up, arms bouncing lightly to the side, and strides at a regular speed without hesitation. A score of zero is given to this gait. The sufferer has a feeble gait (point total of 10) but can elevate his head without losing balance while moving. Staggering is possible, and the steps are short.
When a victim’s gait is hindered (score 20), he or she may have difficulties standing from a chair, trying to get up by leaning on the chair’s arms/or swinging (that is by using several trials to stand). The affected person has his or her head bowed and is staring at the floor. Due to their poor balance, the individual clings to furniture, a support worker, or a walking assistant for stability and is unable to move without it.
The patient’s self-assessment of his or her capacity to stand and walk is used to determine psychological state while utilizing this Scale. “Are you able to go to the toilet yourself or do you require support?” consult the person. The person is regarded as “normal” and scored 0 if his or her response grading his or her abilities are similar to the ambulatory order on the Kardex.
If the patient’s reaction does not match the clinical orders or is misleading, the person is regarded to have overestimated his or her talents and forgotten about constraints and is given a score of 15.
Scoring and Risk Level
The result is then added up and entered into the patient’s record. After that, the morse fall risk scale level and prescribed measures (that is, no interventions, conventional fall prevention interventions, high-risk preventive interventions) are determined.
Sick people classified as low risk should proceed to receive normal nursing treatment; people classified as moderate risk should get routine fall prevention treatments, and patients classified as high risk should receive the high-risk fall prevention intervention.
The final score can be used to extract three separate categories of fall risk, each with its intervention suggestion:
|Morse score||Fall risk||Recommendation|
|Below 25||Low||Continue with basic nursing care|
|25 – 45||Moderate||Activate standard fall prevention intervention|
|Above 45||High||Ensure fall prevention is in place and is effective|
What is the procedure for using the Morse fall scale calculator?
Depending on specific patient status-related indicators, this medical device assesses the chance of falling in admitted patients. This six-question exam is described as a simple and quick risk prediction tool that takes less than five minutes to implement.
This fall risk scale, which is commonly given by physicians, can be utilized in the health context as well as in long-term care inpatient scenarios. Following validation trials, excellent interrater reliability was discovered. The patient parameters for the Morse fall scale calculator are as follows:
- History of falling
- Secondary diagnosis
- Ambulatory aid
- Intravenous therapy/ heparin lock
- Mental status
Whenever the risk factors have been identified and the medical doctor has a sense of the patient’s risk class, they can create a preventative care strategy. Other diagnostic approaches, such as a medical checkup and a review of current medications, are frequently used in conjunction with the test.
The genericity of the six variables analyzed, as well as the reality that different medical environments may present distinct risk factors and problems for the patient’s treatment, are some of the critiques leveled at the approach. As a result, the examiner must take local factors into account while calculating the overall outcome.
The Morse fall scale calculator is used to assess all admitted sick patients for the risk of falling and, if necessary, to begin fall prevention therapies. The Morse Fall Scale should be standardized for each specific medical environment or unit so that fall prevention interventions can be tailored to those who are most vulnerable.
To put it another way, risk cut-off scores may vary depending on whether you’re utilizing it in an acute care hospital, a nursing home, or a rehabilitation facility. Furthermore, scales inside a facility may be configured differently.
How is Morse Fall Scale Calculator used?
The calculator can be used to discover factors that increase the likelihood of a patient falling while in the hospital. The overall score can be used to forecast future falls, but it’s more necessary to use the scale to identify risk factors and then organize care around them.
How to calibrate Morse Fall Scale?
A patient with a score of less than 25 is regarded to have a low risk of falling, a patient with a score of 25–45 is regarded to have a moderate risk of falling, and a patient with a score of more than 45 is regarded to have a high risk of falling.
Is the Morse Fall Scale effective in reducing falls?
Falls that occur while a patient is in the hospital can have both clinical and financial consequences. For an in-hospital risk-of-fall assessment, the modified Morse fall scale [MMFS] is extensively utilized. Despite this, the majority of patients who are in danger of falling do not.