Medical Abbreviations

Here are some common Medical abbreviation

AbbreviationStands for More information
ABGArterial blood gasArterial blood gas (ABG) is a test that measures the levels of oxygen and carbon dioxide, as well as other blood gas parameters, in arterial blood.
ACAntecubitalThe antecubital region refers to the inner part of the elbow.
ACL Anterior cruciate ligamentThe anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) is a ligament in the knee joint that helps to stabilize the knee and prevent excessive forward movement of the tibia (shin bone).
ADHD Attention deficit hyperactivity disorderAttention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) is a neurodevelopmental disorder characterized by inattention, hyperactivity, and impulsivity.
AIDS Acquired immunodeficiency syndromeAIDS is a chronic and potentially life-threatening condition caused by the human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) that attacks the immune system, making individuals more susceptible to infections and certain types of cancer.
AKA Above knee amputation“Above knee amputation” is a surgical procedure that involves removing the leg above the knee joint.
ALP Alkaline phosphataseAlkaline phosphatase is an enzyme that catalyzes the hydrolysis of phosphate esters in an alkaline environment.
ALT Alanine aminotransferaseAlanine aminotransferase (ALT) is an enzyme found predominantly in liver cells that catalyzes the transfer of an amino group from alanine to alpha-ketoglutarate, producing pyruvate and glutamate.
AMA Against medical advice“Against medical advice” refers to a situation where a patient leaves a healthcare facility or refuses medical treatment despite being advised otherwise by healthcare professionals.
AMI Acute myocardial infarctionAcute myocardial infarction is a medical condition commonly known as a heart attack, which occurs due to the interruption of blood flow to a part of the heart, leading to damage or death of heart muscle tissue.
AP AnteroposteriorAnteroposterior refers to the direction or measurement from the front to the back of an object or organism.
ARDS Acute respiratory distress syndromeAcute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS) is a severe lung condition that causes difficulty breathing due to fluid buildup in the lungs.
ASAP As soon as possible“As soon as possible” can be described as ASAP, meaning without delay or at the earliest opportunity.
BID Twice daily“Twice daily” means something that should be done or taken two times a day.
BUNBlood urea nitrogenBlood urea nitrogen (BUN) is a measure of the amount of nitrogen in the blood that comes from urea, a waste product of protein metabolism.
Bipolar disorderBipolar disorder is a mental illness characterized by extreme shifts in mood, energy, and activity levels.
BP Blood pressureBlood pressure is the force exerted by blood against the walls of arteries during circulation.
BPH Benign prostatic hyperplasiaBenign prostatic hyperplasia (BPH) is a non-cancerous enlargement of the prostate gland in men, often causing urinary symptoms.
BRBPR Bright red blood per rectumBright red blood per rectum refers to the passage of fresh, red blood from the rectum, typically indicating lower gastrointestinal bleeding.
BS Bowel soundsBowel sounds refer to the sounds produced by the abdomen(bowel) when there is passage of food through it.
BSA Body surface areaBody surface area refers to the total surface area that the human body has.
BTBleeding timeBleeding time refers to the time taken for platelet plug formation or time taken for stoppage of bleeding
CAD Coronary artery diseaseCoronary artery diseases refer to the diseases causes due to the damage in major blood vessels of the heart.
CAH Congenital adrenal hyperplasiaCongenital adrenal
hyperplasia is a congenital or birth defect resulting in limited production of hormones by the adrenal glands
CAT Computed axial tomographyComputed axial tomography is an investigation procedure in which computer and X-ray are linked to give detailed picture of various areas of human body.
CBC Complete blood countComplete blood count(CBC) is a test done to get information on the count of RBC, WBC, platelets in blood.
CCU Coronary care unitCoronary care unit(CCU) is a specialised ward particularly for
patients with serious health conditions like heart attack.
CHF Congestive heart failureCongestive heart failure is a cardiac condition in which the heart fails to supply adequate amount of blood to the organs and tissues.
CNS Central nervous system Central nervous system comprises of the brain and the spinal cord and is one of the two nervous systems in human body.
COPD Chronic obstructive pulmonary diseaseCOPD includes emphysema and chronic bronchitis in which there is obstruction in the airflow and difficult in breathing.
CPAP Continuous positive airway pressureCPAP refers to continuous positive airway pressure in which positive pressure is given in the airways in order to maintain the airways pressure.
CPR Cardiopulmonary resuscitationCardiopulmonary resuscitation is a life saving emergency procedure to help maintain breathing and heartbeat of the patient.
C&S Culture and sensitivityCulture and sensitivity is a microbiological test which comprises of both isolation of potential harmful microbes and sensitivity testing.
CT Computed tomographyComputed tomography is an investigation procedure which gives a detailed picture of structures in human body using special X-ray.
D&C Dilatation and curettageD&C comprises of cervix dilation and removal of contents or parts of uterus surgically.
DNR Do not resuscitateIt is an instruction that the healthcare workers should avoid using CPR in the patient if in case the patients stops breathing.
DOB Date of birthIt is the exact date when a person is born.
DOE Dyspnea on exertionDyspnea on exertion is shortness of breath and inability to breathe properly during physical activities.
DVT Deep vein thrombosisDeep vein thrombosis (DVT) is a condition where there is formation of blood clot also known as thrombosis in the deep veins of body. This is usually present in legs.
ECG or EKG ElectrocardiogramAn electrocardiogram (ECG) is a cardiac test that helps in measuring the overall electric actually of heart.
ED Emergency departmentIt is the department of emergency present in every hospitals where critical and urgent patients are taken care of.
EENT Eye, ear, nose, and throatEENT is the study of eye, ear, nose and throat
ENT Ear, nose, and throatIt is a subject that deals with ear, nose and throat.
EOM Extraocular movementsAll the movements done by the extra ocular muscles of eyes are termed as extra ocular movements
FBS Fasting blood sugarFasting blood sugar is a blood test done to know the sugar level in blood after fasting overnight.
FFP Fresh frozen plasmaFresh frozen plasma is a blood product which is formed by the liquid part of blood and is used in the treatment of conditions with low protein levels of blood or in which there is decreased amount of blood clotting factors.
FSH Follicle-stimulating hormoneFollicle-stimulating hormone (FSH) is a hormone released in response of the GnRH. Anterior pituitary produces it.
Gastroesophageal reflux disease
It is a chronic condition in which  stomach acid or bile leaks into feeding tube and irritates the mucous membrane.
GI GastrointestinalIt refers to the parts or organs present in the gastric and intestinal region
GTT Glucose tolerance testGTT is a test done to check how fast does the glucose come out of the blood.
Hb HemoglobinHemoglobin is a protein present in the Red blood cells that are responsible for carrying oxygen from lungs to the tissues.
Hematocrit count is the total percentage of red blood cells by volume in the body.
HDL High-density lipoproteinHDL, also known as good cholesterol is a lipid molecule that takes cholesterol back to the liver from blood.
HEENT Head, eyes, ears, nose, and throatIt is a study that deals with head, eyes, ears, nose and throat.
HIV Human immunodeficiency virusHIV is an immunodeficiency virus responsible for causing AIDS.
I&DIncision and drainageIt is a procedure in which incision is made and the content inside is drained out.
IBSIrritable bowel syndromeIt is a syndrome in which there is pain in the stomach along with constipation, diarrhoea
ICUIntensive care unitICU is the special ward in hospitals that take care of very critical patients.
IDDMInsulin-dependent diabetes mellitusType-1 diabetes Mellitus is known as insulin-dependent diabetes mellitus
IHDIschemic heart diseaseCardiac disease occuring due to ischemia or damage to the blood vessels supplying heart.
Intramuscular refers inside the muscle.
INRInternational normalized ratioINR test is another name given for Prothrombin time test that helps is checking the extrinsic as well as common coagulation pathways.
IUDIntrauterine deviceIUD is a device that are often of T shape and placed inside the uterus to avoid pregnancy.
JCAHOJoint Commission on Accreditation of Healthcare OrganizationsJCAHO is a USA based non-profit organisation that conducts various health programs in it’s respective country.
KUBKidneys, ureters, bladderAssociated with kidneys, ureters as well as bladder.
L&DLabor and deliveryLabor and birth are the process comprising child birth in which uterine contractions take place.
LBPLow back painLow back pain is a painful condition generally affecting the lower portion of the spine.
LDL Low-density lipoproteinLow-density lipoprotein is the bad cholesterol that increases the chances of heart attacks and other cardiovascular diseases.
LFTLiver function testLFT comprises of blood tests that check the levels of various substances released by the liver.
LMPLast menstrual periodLast menstrual period is the first day of a woman’s last menstrual period before she fell pregnant.
LOSLength of stayLength of stay is the duration between a patient’s admission in a hospital and his/her discharge from the hospital.
MACMycobacterium avium complexMycobacterium avium complex is a group of mycobacteria that infect humans.
MIMyocardial infarctionMyocardial infarction is a medical emergency also known as heart attack in which there is obstruction to the blood flow to the cardiac muscles.
MRIMagnetic resonance imagingMRI is a radiological technique to image various anatomical as well as physiological processes of human body.
MSMultiple sclerosisMultiple sclerosis is a immune-mediated disease in which the protective covering of nerves get destroyed that leads in loss of communication between brain and the body.
MSKMusculoskeletalMusculoskeletal system comprises of bones, tendons, cartilage, connective tissues as well as ligaments.
MTXMethotrexateMethotrexate is an anti-metabolite drug used to slow down the growth of cancerous cells in body.
NICUNeonatal intensive care unitNICU is a specialised ward in hospitals that take care of sick babies.
NPONil per os (nothing by mouth)Nil per os means nothing to be eaten or drunk by mouth.
NSAIDNonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugNSAIDS are the group of drugs that are used to reduce inflammation, pain and fever.
OB/GYNObstetrics and gynecologyObstetrics and gynaecology is a medical speciality dealing with these two aspects of female reproductive system.
ODOnce dailyOD dosing refers to taking the drug once daily.
OROperating roomOperating room is a specialised room in hospitals consisting all essential equipment where the patients are operated.
OTCOver-the-counterOver-the-counter group of medicine are the medicines that you can purchase without prescription.
PPulsePulse refers to the number of heart beats in a minute.
PAPhysician assistantPhysician assistant are healthcare service providers that work under the supervision of physicians.
PACUPost-anesthesia care unitIt is a specialised unit in hospitals where the patients after receiving anaesthesia are sent to recover from the effects of anaesthesia.
PCPPrimary care physicianA primary care physician is a person who helps you maintain a good health and whom you can talk about your health issues given that it’s not a serious condition.
PDParkinson’s diseaseParkinson’s is a progressive nervous diseases in which there is decrease in the level of dopamine.
PERRLAPupils equal, round, and reactive to light and accommodationPERRLA is a pupillary test to check if the structure and function of pupil are normal or not.
PETPositron emission tomographyA medical imaging technique that uses radioactive tracers to produce detailed images of the body’s internal organs and tissues.
PIDPelvic inflammatory diseaseAn infection of the female reproductive organs, usually caused by sexually transmitted bacteria.
PMHPast medical historyA record of a patient’s previous illnesses, surgeries, and medical treatments.
PMSPremenstrual syndromeA combination of physical and emotional symptoms that occur in the days leading up to a woman’s menstrual period.
POBy mouthA method of administering medication or other substances through the mouth, typically in the form of pills, capsules, or liquids.
PRNAs neededUsed to indicate that a medication or treatment should be taken only when necessary.
PTPhysical therapyTreatment aimed at improving or restoring physical function through exercise, massage, and other techniques.
PT/INRProthrombin time/international normalized ratioA blood test used to evaluate the time it takes for blood to clot and to monitor the effectiveness of blood-thinning medication.
PUD Peptic ulcer diseaseA condition in which sores develop in the lining of the stomach or duodenum.
QDEvery dayOccurring or done on a daily basis.
QIDFour times a dayReferring to a medication regimen with four doses administered in a 24-hour period, approximately every 6 hours.
QOD Every other dayOccurring every second day or on alternate days.
RBCRed blood cellA type of blood cell that carries oxygen throughout the body.
REMRapid eye movementA stage of sleep characterized by fast, jerky eye movements and vivid dreams.
RICERest, ice, compression, elevationA treatment protocol for acute injuries, aiming to reduce pain and swelling.
RSVRespiratory syncytial virusA common virus that causes respiratory infections, particularly in young children.
RXPrescriptionA written or electronic order from a healthcare provider for medication, treatment or device.
SARSSevere acute respiratory syndromeA viral respiratory illness caused by the SARS-CoV virus.
SIDSSudden infant death syndromeUnexpected death of a seemingly healthy infant under 1 year of age, usually during sleep.
SLSublingualUnder the tongue.
SLESystemic lupus erythematosusA chronic autoimmune disease that can affect various organs and tissues in the body, causing inflammation and damage.
SOAPSubjective, objective, assessment, planA standard format used in medical documentation to organize a patient’s history, physical examination, diagnosis, and treatment plan.
SOBShortness of breathDifficulty breathing, characterized by a feeling of suffocation or air hunger.
STDSexually transmitted diseaseInfections that spread through sexual contact, such as chlamydia, gonorrhea, and HIV.
SxSymptomsPhysical or mental changes indicating a disease or condition.
T&ATonsillectomy and adenoidectomySurgical removal of the tonsils and adenoids to treat recurrent infections or breathing problems.
TIATransient ischemic attackA temporary disruption of blood flow to the brain, causing stroke-like symptoms that resolve within 24 hours.
TIBCTotal iron-binding capacityA blood test that measures the amount of iron that can be bound by proteins in the blood.
TKOTo keep openRefers to keeping an intravenous line open with a saline solution to prevent clotting.
TPNTotal parenteral nutritionA method of providing nutrition through intravenous route when the digestive system is unable to function.
TSHThyroid-stimulating hormoneA hormone produced by the pituitary gland that stimulates the thyroid gland to produce thyroid hormones.
TxTreatmentThe management and care provided to alleviate, cure or prevent illness or disease.
UAUrinalysisA diagnostic test that examines urine to evaluate health conditions and detect possible abnormalities.
UCUlcerative colitisA chronic inflammatory bowel disease that affects the colon and rectum, causing ulcers and inflammation.
URIUpper respiratory infectionAn infection of the respiratory system that affects the nose, sinuses, pharynx, or larynx.
UTIUrinary tract infectionAn infection that affects any part of the urinary system, including the kidneys, bladder, ureters, and urethra.
VAVisual acuityThe ability of the eye to distinguish details and shapes of objects at a given distance.
VDRLVenereal Disease Research LaboratoryA blood test used to diagnose syphilis.
VFVentricular fibrillationA condition in which the heart’s electrical activity becomes chaotic, causing the ventricles to quiver instead of contracting properly.
VIPVasoactive intestinal peptideA hormone that regulates various biological processes, including blood flow and digestion.
VLDLVery low-density lipoproteinA type of lipoprotein that carries triglycerides and other fats from the liver to various parts of the body, and is associated with an increased risk of heart disease.
VSSVital signs stableA medical term used to describe a patient whose heart rate, blood pressure, temperature, and breathing are within normal ranges and not showing any signs of significant change.
WBCWhite blood celltype of blood cell that helps fight infection and disease in the body.
WHOWorld Health OrganizationA specialized agency of the United Nations that is responsible for international public health.
XRTRadiation therapyMedical treatment that uses high-energy radiation to kill cancer cells or shrink tumors.
Year of birth
The year in which a person is born.
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