HOMA IR Calculator for Insulin Resistance

Homeostatic Model Assessment of Insulin Resistance (HOMA IR calculator) is a short form for Homeostatic Model Assessment of Insulin Resistance. It displays proof of any insulin resistance you may be going through right presently, as well as the severity of that resistance. The HOMA-IR calculator makes calculating insulin levels simple.

It’s a great way to see how your blood sugar works with the hormone insulin at rest. It tells you and your health professional how much insulin your pancreas requires to maintain your blood sugar levels in check.

HOMA-IR is a useful indication that is calculated using your fasting sugar and insulin stages. It first appeared in the 1980s. It is the most commonly used blueprint in clinical tests, despite not being the greatest methodology in contexts of aggregate efficiency.

The HOMA IR calculator test is a non-invasive, well-proven procedure for assessing the glucose-insulin relationship. If your HOMA-IR rating is excessive, it can enable you to make nutrition and activity changes that will assist you to reduce your rating, lose weight, and strengthen your immunity.

HOMA IR Calculator: Uses of HOMA IR

The HOMA IR calculator is commonly used in clinical research and practice for estimating beta-cell function and insulin resistance, with the proof that it cannot be utilized on insulin-treated patients.

HOMA-IR = 405 divided by (fasting insulin in mIU/L multiplied by fasting glucose in mg/dL)

Normal reference levels for HOMA-IR range between 0.7 and 2.0. The 2.0 value has been used as a cut-off for increasing insulin resistance in various investigations.

Because glucose clamp techniques, the present gold standard, are resource costly and time-consuming, HOMA-IR is a favored assessment for insulin resistance.

Insulin resistance is a disorder in which the body does not react to the action of insulin, impairing the body’s normal glucose regulation systems.

Obesity, abdominal fat distribution, over forty-five years old, sedentary lifestyle, and hypertension are all common risk factors for insulin resistance. Insulin resistance is a risk factor for type Two diabetes and pre-diabetes.

Healthful Range is between 1.0 * (0.5 – 1.4)

Below 1.0 implies you are insulin-sensitive which is optimal.
Above 1.9 indicates early insulin resistance.
Above 2.9 indicates significant insulin resistance.

HOMA IR Calculator: Measure Of Quantitative Insulin Sensitivity Check Index

Insulin intensity is measured by the Quantitative Insulin Sensitivity Check Index model, which is the absolute antithesis of insulin resistance. This estimator is preferred over the glucose clamp and the minimum analytical approach because of its flexibility.

Quantitative Insulin Sensitivity Check Index is the opposite of the average of the logarithms of fasting insulin and fasting glucose

QUICKI is equal to 1 divided by [log(Fasting insulin in mIU/L) plus log(Fasting glucose in mg/dL)].

QUICKI explanation

less than 0.45: normal reference level
Between 30 and 0.45: insulin resistance likely
Less than 0.30: diabetes diagnosis likely

The body is utilizing higher insulin than usual to make your blood sugar check if your HOMA-IR is high. The greater the number, the more insulin resistant you are. The HOMA-IR will be interpreted by your doctor based on your symptoms, medical history, and other test results.

Insulin resistance is a sign of metabolic syndrome and an early stage of type ll diabetes development.

HOMA IR Calculator: Causes Of Insulin Resistance

Insulin resistance is solely driven by two considerations in the majority of individuals who are in perfect hygiene: gluttony and inadequacy of physical activity. Gluttony and sedentary activity can lead to fat accumulation in the liver and muscles, rendering these cells less sensitive to insulin.

Insulin resistance can be caused by a range of factors, including anxiety, pregnancy, and a variety of illnesses and disorders. The following factors have been associated with increased insulin resistance. To get the proper treatment, speak with your doctor or any medical practitioner.

Being overweight is the most prevalent symptom of insulin resistance and type 2 diabetes. Being obese (BMI greater than 25) triples your likelihood of having type 2 diabetes.

In two experiments spanning over 3000 kids and 137 youths, turning fat or obese was significantly linked to higher HOMA-IR.

On the other hand, not all adipose fat is formed alike. While the amount of cholesterol in the system is connected to insulin resistance, how that cholesterol is distributed is far more important.

Insulin resistance and type 2 diabetes are linked to fat around internal organs, sometimes known as belly fat or visceral fat. Subcutaneous fat, that is fat below the skin, lowers the risk.

What is the optimal sleeping time?

For proper functioning and wellness, all grown-ups require seven to eight hours of sleep each night. Getting too much or too little can be dangerous.

Shorter and longer sleep periods, for instance, were related to higher insulin levels in a survey including over two thousand eight hundred adults. HOMA-IR was shown to be higher in two hundred and forty-five high school students who slept less at night.

In the short term, sleep loss boosts blood sugar levels via activating the stress HPA axis and increasing cortisol levels. In the long run, chronic sleep deprivation leads to insulin resistance.

In five thousand eight hundred people, prolonged daytime sleep was linked to higher HOMA-IR. To compute the HOMA equation on your own, utilize one of the formulas below. The units you like to use will affect the choice you select. Remember that these figures are based on a fasting state, which means you haven’t eaten or drank anything (other than just water) for at least 8 hours before the blood sample is taken.

HOMA-IR = (insulin * glucose) / 22.5
for the glucose concentration in mmol/L, or:

HOMA-IR = (insulin * glucose ) / 405
for glycemia in mg/dL. In both cases, the insulin is in mU/L.

Signs And Symptoms Of Insulin Resistance

Diabetes mellitus is characterized by cells in the pancreas (beta-cells), which are found in the upper belly. Insulin is a hormone that regulates blood sugar levels and is released when they are too high (for instance after a meal). It works like a key, allowing glucose to enter cells such as adipose, skeletal muscle, and liver cells by binding to specific receptors on the cell membrane. As a result of this,

 the cell accepting an energy source, and

  •  a reduction in blood sugar levels.
  • Insulin is depicted as a key that allows glucose molecules to enter the cell.

Insulin resistance is the inability of cells to interact with insulin delivered through the bloodstream. This is due to several factors. There are times when a cell malfunctions. It’s occasionally due to a malfunction in the signaling route. To compensate for a lack of insulin, the pancreas secretes insulin and glucagon.

Blood sugar levels will remain normal as long as the amount of insulin delivered to the cell is sufficient to compensate for its inadequate response.

Sometimes, the pancreas is unfit to maintain this increased insulin release for lengthy periods. Since the cells are unable to digest insulin and sugar, there will be a large amount in the blood. Persistent hyperglycemia, or a high blood sugar level, is linked to diabetes and an increased risk of cardiovascular disease.

What are the symptoms and indicators of insulin resistance? There haven’t been any because you don’t notice insulin resistance until it’s too late. This is comparable to hyperglycemia, which you don’t realize you have until your organs have been injured or your blood sugar levels have risen to the point of causing acidosis.

How to use the HOMA IR calculator?

The HOMA IR calculator is simple to use:

  • If you’re getting your parameters together, keep in mind that they must be fasting values. This indicates they were obtained after not eating or drinking anything other than water for at least 8 hours.
  • Fill in the blanks for the blood sugar level (glucose). You are free to use whatever units are most convenient for you.
  • Fill in the blanks with your insulin concentration.
  • Your results are now available. Both your HOMA-IR and QUICKI indexes will be displayed at the same time.
  • You’ll also find some brief comments regarding your results beneath the calculator area.


While we treat it as if it were a sickness, with drugs and therapies, it’s more of a prelude to more serious metabolic disorders, such as diabetes. Obesity, lack of physical activity, high blood pressure, and hyperlipidemia are all common cardiovascular risk factors.

Early management and strict adherence to doctors’ recommendations are critical for avoiding major effects such as blindness or kidney failure. Check your insulin by calculating it with the HOMA IR calculator.


How is the HOMA IR score determined?

The numbers for fasting glucose and fasting insulin are the same, but the formula is different: QUICKI = 1/(log(insulin) + log(glucose)), where insulin is in mU/L, and glucose is in mg/dL.

Is there a HOMA-IR unit?

The HOMA-IR (Mass Units) equation is a rough approximation of insulin resistance. The HOMA-IR (Mass Units) equation is a rough approximation of insulin resistance.

Is the HOMA IR calculator reliable?

With a 0.913 AUC, HOMA-IR showed 94.5 percent sensitivity, 72.2 percent specificity, 70% PPV, 95.1 percent NPV, and 81.31 percent overall diagnostic accuracy at a threshold of 2.

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